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Well water can be tricky to deal with since it is susceptible to many contaminants.
The right filtration system will ensure your family has clean, safe drinking water.
That said, you can buy one or save money by making your own well water filter.
If you plan to make a DIY well water filtration system, here are all the basics of what you need to know.
Before you begin:
Here’s how to set up your DIY well water filter:
If you plan to build a DIY whole house well water filter system, be prepared to have lots of patience. One mistake can affect the quality of your well water.
Follow these steps carefully:
The first step is to have your water tested by a certified well water testing company. This will give you an idea of what contaminants are in your well water and how much filtration is needed.
You can use a DIY water test kit, which is less costly. But we recommend a professional test for more accurate results.
If it wasn’t obvious enough, a DIY installation requires some basic plumbing skills and familiarity with tools. If you’re confident you have both, here is a rundown of everything you’ll need.
A whole house water filtration system typically consists of these components. The most common are:
Step-down filtration is a type of filtration in which water is forced through a series of increasingly smaller pores to remove suspended particles. As its name suggests, step-down filtration starts with large-particle (coarse) filtration, followed by medium-, small-, and finally, fine-particle filtration.
It’s common for well water to have high sediment levels, so installing a system that follows step-down sediment filtration might be necessary.
For example, in a multi-stage filtration system, the first stage might be a 20-micron filter that removes coarse sediment, while the second stage might be a 5-micron filter, followed by a 1-micron filter.
Knowing how many microns you need will depend on your water test results.
If your water has a variety of contaminants, you may need to build a system that consists of several different types of filter stages. Typically, a whole house well filter system has these filters:
Of course, you may not need all of these filters. It depends on your water test results.
Most well water filtration systems should have a bypass valve, which allows you to send water around the filter when it needs to be serviced or replaced. On the other hand, a shut-off valve is used to stop water flow into the house completely (or to the filtration system).
You might need additional valves depending on your specific installation. For example, if you’re installing a sediment filter before your main whole house filter, you might require a Y-valve to bypass the sediment filter when it needs to be cleaned.
Pressure gauges measure the pressure of the water coming into your house. These are optional but can help determine when it’s time for a filter to be replaced. Low pressure often indicates a clogged filter.
Backwashing is the process of reversing the flow of water through a filter to clean it. During backwashing, water flows back through the filter media flushing out any accumulated debris.
Backwashing isn’t required for most types of well water filters.
Installing your own well water filter system is similar to how you would install a premade system. We previously covered how to install a whole house well water filter. Below is a summary:
To know if your system is working, you’ll need to have your water tested again. Meanwhile, you can look for physical indications, such as if there are changes in the color, smell, and taste of your well water.
If you want to filter your well water specifically for drinking, you can build a DIY drinking water filter. This requires several natural materials. Let’s dive in.
Congratulations, you’ve just made yourself a DIY drinking water filter for well water!
The answer to this question depends on a few factors. If you are handy and confident in your abilities and would rather save money, making your own water filter could be a great option.
However, if you are not as experienced or don’t have the time, it might be better to buy a system that is already made.
Besides, you need to make sure that the filtered water is indeed potable. If you end up with bacteria-contaminated drinking water you’re putting your own health at risk!
If you have any questions about how to make a DIY well water filter system please don’t hesitate to leave a comment below!
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