RO installation

Reverse Osmosis Installation: How to Hook Up an RO Water Filter System (Incl. Diagram)

    So you have decided to add a reverse osmosis water filter system to your home, because you don’t want to be exposed to nasty water contaminants any longer.

    You found a great model online and purchased it a couple of days ago. This morning, the system arrived in a big, heavy box. You opened the package to take a first look and…

    Wow, you didn’t expect the system to have that many different parts. Hopefully you have the skills to set everything up correctly. After all, you are not a trained plumber. But considering the costs for hiring a professional, it’s a priority for you to do the installation yourself.

    Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered! This guide has all the information you need for a trouble-free setup.

    Contents:

    Reverse Osmosis System Installation Diagram

    We have created this reverse osmosis system installation diagram to better illustrate how the individual components are supposed to connect with one another.

    reverse osmosis system installation diagram (5-stage)

    Where to Install

    Installing under the kitchen sink is the standard, albeit not always the most convenient solution due to limited space. Other options are the basement, garage or a utility room, running a water line to the kitchen sink (delivery pump may be required).

    What’s important is that you install on a cold water line, downstream of any other water treatment equipment such as a softening system. Also, do not install where freezing temperatures may occur.

    How to Install a Reverse Osmosis System

    It’s time for you to learn how you can hook up your new reverse osmosis under sink system. With a little bit of preparation and the necessary tools it’s really not that difficult to pull off.

    Also, every system should come with detailed installation instructions. If that isn’t enough, you can find plenty of helpful videos on YouTube.

    Individual steps may vary from product to product and also depend on your specific plumbing setup. Therefore, the following instructions are given as a general guideline. All plumbing must be completed in accordance with state and local codes.

    Preparations

    It might already be too late, but prior to purchasing an RO system you should ensure that there is enough space under your kitchen sink to accommodate a filter module + tank.

    Furthermore, you need to make sure that there actually is a cold water line that you can use as your feed source (which, of course, is nearly always the case).

    Once the system has been delivered, unbox it and double check that all components fit in their desired location. This way you know if you need to make adjustments to pipes etc. before you can start with the installation itself.

    Tools

    Gather all the necessary tools and components beforehand. Having everything lined up can save you from a lot of frustration. The following list makes no claim for completeness:

    • RO system installation manual
    • RO module
    • Water storage tank
    • Faucet
    • Filter cartridges + RO membrane
    • Installation kit including color coded tubing, filter wrench, stop connector, tank valve, faucet connector, drain saddle
    • Power drill
    • ¼” (⅜”) (½”) drill bit (size depends on faucet type used)
    • Screwdriver
    • Tubing cutter
    • Utility knife
    • Adjustable wrench
    • Towel

    1. Faucet Installation

    Let’s start by installing the reverse osmosis faucet that will soon provide you with clean, great tasting drinking water.

    First of all, you need to decide where you want to place it – unless your sink already has an extra hole that you want to use (might be covered by a chrome plate). If not, you have to drill a new hole in the sink or countertop. The faucet should be positioned with convenience in mind. A flat area is required.

    Please note: You may require a special type of drill bit to prevent scratching or chipping depending on the material.

    Mark the spot with a center punch. Then gently grind away enough surface material to safely accommodate the ¼” drill bit. Now carefully drill a hole and go extra slow when you are about to hit any metal (a drop of oil can work wonders). For a ⅜” or ½” hole, drill a ¼”pilot hole first.

    When you are done, remove any remaining metal chips that could damage the surface and clean up sharp edges.

    faucet installation

    Put the faucet stem through the hole and secure it from the bottom with washers and a hex nut. Then attach the quick connect fitting and tighten with a wrench.

    Congratulations, you have just completed the hardest task!

    2. Installing the Drain Saddle

    The next step is to install the drain saddle a.k.a. drain line adapter on the drain line.

    The saddle/adapter should be placed above and as far away as possible from the dishwasher discharge and garbage disposal to avoid clogging and to protect your RO system from potential contamination and fouling. What’s more, it should be at least 6″ above the p-trap.

    Drill a ¼” hole in the top or the side of the drain line (never the bottom). Secure the drain clamps with bolts aligning the clamp hole with the hole in the pipe. Be careful not to overtighten.

    3. Feed Valve Installation

    In step three, we are going to install the inlet feed valve which connects your reverse osmosis system to the cold water line.

    First, turn off both the cold and hot water supply. If valves are inoperable, shut off the entire water to your home. Then release the pressure in the water lines by opening respective outlets. Remove the tubing from the cold water valve. Install the new feed valve (adapter might be required) and tighten with a wrench. Make sure to close the feed valve for now.

    Connect the cold water tubing to the new valve (adapter might be required) and turn the water supply back on.

    4. Water Storage Tank Installation

    You want to place the water storage tank within 10 feet of the drinking water faucet in order to not lose significant pressure. (Keep in mind that, depending on its size, the tank can weigh more than 25 pounds when filled to the top.)

    Before putting it in position, wrap about 6 layers of Teflon tape around the threaded port at the top. Then screw on the tank valve or tank connector. They should thread on easily and only need to be hand-tight.

    RO water storage tank

    By the way, with many systems the storage tank can also be placed on its side without compromising filtration performance. This comes in handy if you don’t have much space in your kitchen cabinet.

    5. Mount + Connect RO Module

    When mounting the RO module, which is optional, take into consideration that every once in a while you will need to change filters and possibly perform other maintenance tasks. In other words, there needs to be sufficient space underneath the system.

    To connect the module we use the color-coded tubing. Most systems come with quick-connect fittings. Simply push the tubes into their respective fittings as far as they will go. You can test a connection by trying to pull back gently.

    FYI: Water residues in the tubing means that the system was tested by the manufacturer. Keep a towel at the ready!

    • Yellow feed water line – Push the yellow supply line onto the previously installed feed water valve on one end (tighten nut a half turn past hand-tight). Connect the other end to the feed port of the RO module. If necessary, cut the line so that it does not kink.
    • Green tank line – Connect the green line to the tank valve and the outlet port of the filter system.
    • Black drain line – Connect the black line to the drain saddle and the flow restrictor of the RO module. Cut the line so that the water can flow downhill without loops.
    • Blue faucet supply line – Connect the blue line to the quick connect fitting of the RO faucet and to the post filter outlet port.

    Pro tip: Trimmed connections will maximize water flow. At the same time, extra tubing might come in handy if the system ever needs to be relocated.

    6. Filter + Membrane Installation

    Almost done!

    Insert the various pre-filters and the RO membrane into their housings according to the instructions provided:

    • For the pre-filters, remove the filter housing, insert the filter and screw the housing back on with all O-rings in place. Carefully tighten with the filter wrench.
    • For the RO membrane, remove the housing cap and carefully push the cylinder into the socket until completely in. Then put the cap back on while making sure that any O-rings sit tight.

    RO membrane

    Usually, the first filter is a sediment pre-filter, followed by carbons pre-filter(s), and lastly the membrane. Then come the post-filters.

    7. Starting the System

    Finally, it’s time to start your new reverse osmosis system. Here is how:

    1. Open the feed water valve and the RO faucet but keep the storage tank valve closed. You will hear gurgling noises. This is just air leaving the system.
    2. Check all connections for leaks.
    3. After about 10 to 15 minutes, water will start to dribble out of the dispenser – don’t worry if the first trickle of water has a darkish color. These are just carbon fines being flushed out. Close the faucet and open the storage tank valve to allow the tank to fill.
    4. Filling the tank will take anywhere between 3 to 10 hours depending on the pressure and quality of the incoming water. As soon as it’s full, you will no longer hear water running down the drain. This is when you have to open the drinking water faucet to flush the whole unit.
    5. When the water is again down to a dribble the storage tank has emptied. Close the faucet and let the tank refill.
    6. Flush a second time by opening the faucet.

    Some manufacturers recommended to flush a new system 2-3 times before use. Once you’ve done that the setup is complete and your water is ready for drinking.

    Installation Video

    A video says more than a thousand words!

    Calling a Professional

    Not everyone feels comfortable installing an RO system DIY-style. If you, too, prefer to turn to an expert we recommend you simply contact a local plumber in your area.

    How much the installation will cost depends first and foremost on the type of system you want to have installed:

    • Countertop system, Free – Reverse osmosis countertop systems are highly portable and can be fitted to and removed from a standard kitchen faucet within seconds. No installation required. → learn more
    • Under sink system, Costs: $150-$400 USD – As we have seen, standardized under sink systems require proper installation – something you can do yourself within 1-2 hours time if you are technically skilled. The outsourcing costs should range somewhere between $150 and $300 USD, maybe up to $400 USD in special cases.
    • Whole house system, Costs: $500+ USD – It’s difficult to estimate the price for the installation of whole house RO water purifier systems as they are usually more complex. Also, additional supplies such as valves and tubing add to the costs. A few hundred up to $500 USD is probably the bare minimum. Again, talk to plumbers or contractors in your area. And if you are looking for a whole house system to add to your home, follow this link: best-osmosis-systems.com/whole-house-commercial-reviews/

    What to Look Out For

    If you don’t already have a plumber in mind whom you trust, checking out local reviews online is a great starting point. Some popular sites you can use are:

    Asking for estimates from more than one plumber will likely save you a lot of cash. Let them know that you have already purchased a system, but need help with the setup. Ask for their expertise and references.

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    If you have any questions or thoughts about how to install a reverse osmosis system please don’t hesitate to leave a comment below!

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